Memmius Monument is one of the few architectural monuments which has survived to present date at Ephesus and dating from the late Hellenistic Period. It was built by Memmius who was one of the prominent people of Ephesus in 87 B.C to honor of Roman Dictator Sulla. During the excavation in 1960 the name Memmius in Both Grekk and Latin which was recorded on the first level on an inscription, was found.
A large fountain was constructed during 4th century AD on the western side of the structure. It was a triumphal monument concerning Romans’ emancipation from Pontic armies. Located on a square pedestal, the structure originally had four frontages on which were the soldiers of Sulla sculptured. The virtues of Sulla were symbolized by the reliefs on the original monument. It had an inscription which referred to dictator Sulla’s capture in 1 BC.