One of largest market place of antiquity was Commercial Agora of Ephesus. It was erected as a market place to trade local products of Asia. It is written in the sources that it was also called as Tetragonal Agora, as the structure had square form.
The harbor, which was located by Commercial Agora, made this place the commercial center of Ephesus City. When it was first built, it was half of recent Agora’s size. Agora was expended during Roman Era according to the excavation which was done in the beginning of 1900s.
The Roman columns with a size of 110 meters/360 feet were surrounding Commercial Agora by each side. On its four sides there were also two galleries. Most of these arched rooms were used as shops and shops used to have boards on which you could see what they use to sell. Commercial Agora had two main entrances; one is known as Gate of Mazeus and Mitridates and the other one is Southern Gate of Agora.
As well as Commercial Agora was used for trade, it was also used as meeting place for political associations and a court in which people gathered for justice. Commercial Agora of Ephesus City is also an important Biblical building in which St. Paul worked at this place with Priscilla and Aquila in their tent-making business.
Commercial Agora’s restoration has been not completed yet, broken marble and granit pieces are laying on ground.